Periodontal disease, commonly called gum disease, accounts for 75% of adult tooth loss in the United States, and new research has linked it to systemic health problems, like heart disease and stroke. Don’t ignore gums that are inflamed, red, or bleeding. Putting off treatment can lead to permanent illness or damage to your teeth and bones.
Fortunately, periodontal therapy can eliminate and often reverse damage and risks associated with periodontal disease. To have your gums evaluated, please call (702) 873-0324 or email Dr. James B. Polley in Las Vegas today.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Gum disease occurs when hardened plaque below the gum line causes irritation and infection. Protected from saliva and brushing by this calcified shell and fed by decaying food particles, bacteria can reproduce freely, spreading the infection. Symptoms are mild and include bleeding gums, redness, and swelling. Unfortunately, many people believe that seeing blood in the sink after brushing or flossing is normal. It’s not, and it is a sign that you may have a serious problem. Gum disease can escalate quickly to cause gum recession, bone loss, and loosening of teeth.
Gum Disease Prevention and Treatment
Regular checkups and daily brushing and flossing can prevent plaque from forming below the gum line. If we find that you do have gum disease, we may recommend non-surgical therapy:
- Scaling to remove hardened plaque from below the gum line
- Root planing to reduce rough areas on teeth roots
- Arestin antibiotic therapy to battle infection
- Restorative treatments to eliminate bacteria
We will also likely recommend changes to your oral hygiene and may even recommend that you add a preventive treatment like CariFree to your routine.
Perioscopy Improves Gum Disease Treatment
Perioscopy uses a tiny fiber optic camera to let us see below your gumline into deep pockets where bacteria are growing so we can treat your gum disease properly. While the traditional method of treatment is to scrape away in these pockets to try to remove deposits without seeing exactly what the results are, this is not very effective. Not only can this result in inadequate treatment, it is more likely to cause discomfort.
Perioscopy allows us to see where we are working so that we can carefully remove tartar and plaque and smooth the tooth root. It allows us to be gentler, so you’ll experience little, if any discomfort. Perioscopy allows us to reduce the chance that you might need additional treatment (including surgery) for your gum disease. The only disadvantage is that perioscopy may make treatment take a little longer, but this is sometimes the tradeoff for a higher quality procedure.
Recovery from Gum disease
After your gum disease treatment, your gums will be healthy and can stay healthy if you follow a proper oral hygiene routine. Healing may take several weeks, depending on the initial condition of your gums.
Unfortunately, if you have developed receding gums as a result of gum disease, your gums aren’t likely to grow back, which can leave you with an uneven gumline, tooth sensitivity, or an unattractive smile due to exposed roots. Chao Pinhole® Surgery is a new technique that can restore your gums to their former position without sutures and with just one tiny incision.
If you live in the Summerlin area and gum disease is endangering your health, let our team help with periodontal therapy and gum disease prevention. Call (702) 873-0324 or email our Las Vegas office us today!