If you’re suffering from soreness in your gums and around your teeth, the most common and likely cause is gum disease, but there are actually many potential causes of gum soreness.


Proper nutrition is vital for healthy, comfortable gums. Research has shown that two of the most important nutrients for gum health are vitamin C and folic acid. Vitamin B deficiency can also lead to a burning sensation in your mouth, especially on your tongue. If you aren’t getting a varied diet with all of these vitamins naturally, first try changing your diet, but if you can’t, take a supplement.


Aggressive toothbrushing can irritate your gums. Remember to use a soft-bristled toothbrush and execute gentle, circular motions to avoid irritating your gums.


Overall, flossing is good for your gums, and essential to removing bacterial plaque that causes gum disease from the gum line and between teeth. But flossing can also be painful if you’re not careful. Gently work the floss down between your teeth and curve it around each tooth before working it back out gently. Read more about the right way to floss.


Although low concentration hydrogen peroxide mouthwash should be safe for most people, some are sensitive to it and may experience irritation anyway. The same goes for other ingredients common in mouthwashes, such as alcohol and antiseptic chemicals. If you’re using a daily mouth rinse, try cutting down to reduce gum soreness.

Canker Sores

Canker sores, also known as mouth ulcers, are small sores that normally affect people between the ages of 10 and 20, but they can occur at any age. These small, elevated  sores are pale in the middle and inflamed around the edges, and can affect both your gums and your cheeks. This is a common cause of gum discomfort localized in just a few places.

Hormonal Gingivitis

Increased blood flow through the gums can be associated with hormonal changes in women. This leads to red, swollen, and tender gums, and can be caused by the menstrual cycle, puberty, pregnancy, and some birth control medications.

Eliminated These Possibilities?

If you’ve checked all these potential causes but haven’t found any reasonable causes for your sore gums, it’s time to get a dental checkup to have your oral health evaluated. For an appointment with Las Vegas dentist Dr. James B. Polley, please call (702) 873-0324 today.